ZAPRASZA.net POLSKA ZAPRASZA KRAKÓW ZAPRASZA TV ZAPRASZA ART ZAPRASZA
Dodaj artykuł  

KIM JESTEŚMY ARTYKUŁY COVID-19 CIEKAWE LINKI 2002-2009 NASZ PATRONAT DZIŚ W KRAKOWIE DZIŚ W POLSCE

Inne artykuły

Sieroty po Grossie 
4 listopad 2014      Artur Łoboda
Wielka - światowa rewolucja 2016 
22 styczeń 2016      Artur Łoboda
Magiczne słowo "reforma" 
29 maj 2012      Artur Łoboda
Moje przywołania 
21 styczeń 2017      Artur Łoboda
Upadek Zbigniewa Ziobro bliski 
21 luty 2019     
Czkawka po ACTA 
21 czerwiec 2012      Artur Łoboda
Trzy uwagi na bieżąco 
25 listopad 2016     
Deptanie po piętach 
22 lipiec 2016      Artur Łoboda
Polański i "Pianista" 
3 styczeń 2010      Artur Łoboda
Jak nowa bolszewia terroryzuje Naród Polski 
15 luty 2013      Artur Łoboda
Cała prawda o Arturze Sandauerze 
21 kwiecień 2017      Aldona Zaorska
Nowy kalendarz na 2011 rok 
1 styczeń 2011      Goska
Buzek - specjalista od likwidacji 
19 grudzień 2011      Artur Łoboda
„Po raz kolejny rozmawiamy o reformie wymiaru sprawiedliwości, zamiast tę reformę robić” 
20 październik 2017      TVP Info
Skala i możliwości Systemu w manipulacji rzeczywistością 
20 maj 2015      Paweł Kukiz
Jaką kulturę promuje Jacek Majchrowski - Prezydent Krakowa (1) 
23 sierpień 2012      Artur Łoboda
Co obrazują wyniki wyborów 
21 czerwiec 2010      Artur Łoboda
Wielka Noc Kłamstwa o komercyjnym "Grzechów Odkupieniu" 
11 kwiecień 2009      Marek Głogoczowski
While Macron Was Condemning Nationalism, Poland Has Their Largest Independence Day March Ever 
16 listopad 2018      Oppressed Media
C.d. KRUCJATY ZJEDNOCZONEJ (Z USA) EUROPY PRZECIW BIAŁORUSI  
5 luty 2011      Gasienica

 
 

Already in the XVIth century Poland were ideas also fundamental to contemporary political theory, according to Norman Davies of Oxford University:

During the First Polish Republic, or around the year 1600, one million free citizens lived in Poland, a record in the world history of representative government. These citizens had the right to run for the office of King in a free general election. Men and women had the same property and inheritance rights. The Polish indigenous legislative process shaped the national culture. While in Western and Eastern Europe monarchs became more and more authoritarian, Poland elected its kings and passed its laws in the Sejm (Parliament). The predatory powers that conquered Poland in the late 18th century made sure that the knowledge of Polish liberty faded away from European memory.
Slavic tradition of elective system in tribal democracies was strengthened in Poland by Europe's unique Polish national defense system, based on an alliance of the king with landowners. In the rest of Europe national defense was based on the king's alliance with fortified towns as it happened within all of western Christianity. In Poland there was a unique alliance between the king and the masses of landowners. This happened because foreign immigrants flooded Polish towns after the devastation by Mongol invasions starting in 1241 and it took generations for the immigrants to acquire Polish national identity - Jewish immigrants, with a few exceptions, never did assimilate because of the clear mandate of the Talmudic laws.
These ideas were introduced in Poland, the middle ground of Europe, by the development of the indigenous Polish democratic process, which matured in the sixteenth century. It was created by citizens of the First Polish Republic, using ideas that were modern even by today's standards. These ideas are also fundamental to contemporary political theory, according to Norman Davies of Oxford University:
*general elections by all citizens (called viritim)
*a social contract between government and citizens
*the principle of government by consent
* personal freedom
*civil rights of the individual
*freedom of religion
*the value of self-reliance
* prevention of the growth of authoritarian power of the state
*the prevention of rule by any form of oligarchy
These ideas were spread when the first printing press was set up in Kraków in 1473. It is estimated that between 1561 and 1600 seventeen printing houses in Poland published over 120 titles per year, with 500 copies as the average edition size. The first complete translation of the Bible into Polish was produced in 1561 by Jan Leopolita. Around that time the first Polish orthography dictionary was published (by Stanislaw Murzynowski in 1551); grammar books and dictionaries also proliferated. The Polish Renaissance was bilingual, with the masses of noble citizens speaking a mixture of Polish and Latin, and various authors oscillating between Polish, Latin, and a mixture of those two languages. Latin was the language of science and diplomacy in all of Western Christianity.

www.pogonowski.com
17 listopad 2011

Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski 

  

Komentarze

  

Archiwum

Churchill, agent sjonizmu
listopad 14, 2007
Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Społeczeństwo polski wydaje na Ochronę Zdrowia 7% PKB a nie 4 % PKB
sierpień 21, 2003
Adam Sandauer
"Homofobia" w Izraelu! PE do dzieła !
lipiec 9, 2006
Wojciech Maltan
Szwajcaria blokuje kolejne konta w "aferze sprzętowej"
sierpień 2, 2004
celulit i bilbord (nie cellulit i billboard)
maj 4, 2005
Mirosław Naleziński, Gdynia
Handel USA z Iranem po usunięciu konkurencji
październik 29, 2007
marduk
"Przechwycić 8-9 mld zł" - dodatkowe ubezpieczenia zdrowotne
listopad 7, 2003
Komu przeszkadza nagrywanie rozpraw sądowych?
styczeń 18, 2008
www.aferyprawa.com
Ubecka mniejszość narodowa
marzec 29, 2005
Jadwiga Szcześkiewicz London (Kanada)
Walka szyitów z sunnitami
styczeń 27, 2007
Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Czy palacze powinni płacić wyższe składki na ochronę zdrowia?
czerwiec 1, 2007
Mirosław Naleziński, Gdynia
Nowe prawo upadłościowe umożliwi stosowanie procedury naprawczej
sierpień 13, 2002
PAP
Polska - ostoja demokracji
wrzesień 15, 2007
PAP
Spada poparcie dla członkostwa w UE
listopad 27, 2002
PAP
Polsko-białoruskie refleksje
luty 9, 2008
Leonarda Rewkowska
Order Orła Białego dla Bronisława Geremka
grudzień 11, 2002
PAP
Chamstwo i kurestwo
maj 31, 2005
Artur Łoboda
The Strategy of Disintegration: False flags, dirty tricks and the dismemberment of Iraq
grudzień 26, 2006
David Montoute
Modlitwa o deszcz
maj 7, 2007
Marek Olżyński
Możemy się doigrać
styczeń 19, 2008
.
 


Kontakt

Fundacja Promocji Kultury
Copyright © 2002 - 2020 Polskie Niezależne Media