Dodaj artykuł  


Inne artykuły

List otwarty do konstytucyjnych organów władzy RP 
15 luty 2013      Tadeusz Cichocki
Boże, chroń nas przed takimi przyjaciółmi 
1 czerwiec 2013      Artur Łoboda
Lewacka nagonka na dr Ewę Kurek. To jest po prostu przykre 
21 maj 2018      Piotr Lewandowski
Najbardziej zakazane słowo w Trzeciej RP 
10 luty 2018     
Rozebrane ciała katastrofy pod Smoleńskiem 
31 padziernik 2012      Artur Łoboda
O postawie Żydów pod sowiecką okupacją na Kresach 1939-1941 
27 luty 2014
Prawdziwy patriota jest nacjonalistą 
3 wrzesień 2013      Artur Łoboda
Ku czemu zmierzają politycy? 
15 listopad 2012      Artur Łoboda
Obawy w USA z Powodu Długów Europejskich  
7 marzec 2012      Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Rozdrapywanie starych ran: Katyń w oczach wrogów Imperium Obłudy 
13 kwiecień 2009      Marek Głogoczowski
Taktyka Macierewicza 
23 maj 2017     
Oleg A. Platonow "Poklosie rewoucji seksualnej" 
22 listopad 2011      Elzbieta Gawlas
25 czerwiec 2010      Gasienica
8 listopad 2011      Bogusław
Anioł Stróż Portugalii przybywa 
12 padziernik 2017      Paweł Ziółkowski
Review of Dark Times, Dire Decisions: Jews and Communism. Edited by Jonathan Frankel (2004). Oxford University Press. 
1 marzec 2010      przysłał ICP
Pamięć o ukradzionych dzieciach (Ellenai) 
5 sierpień 2010      przysłał ICP
Adam Andrzejewski - kandydat na gubernatora stanu Illinois 
1 sierpień 2009      Gregory Akko
Uwagi do projektu "Strategii Rozwoju Kapitału Społecznego 2011-2020"  
17 maj 2011      Artur Łoboda
Wedle łżemediów "wygrał ten gorszy" 
25 maj 2015      Artur Łoboda


The Plunder of Warsaw Jewry During World War II and its Aftermath, by Itamar Levin

Review of Walls Around: The Plunder of Warsaw Jewry During World War II and its Aftermath, by Itamar Levin. 2004. Praeger Publishers. Westport, Connecticut, and London.
Reviewer: Mr. Jan Peczkis

Whose Golden Harvest? Exploitation and Plunder of the Living and Dead Conducted by Non-Jews and Jews Alike. Property Restitution
Holocaust-uniqueness proponents have argued that, whereas the genocides of non-Jews all had rational economic motives (notably the acquisition of the properties of the victims), that of Jews was completely irrational. Levin challenges this. He cites Franz Stangl, the Kommandant of Treblinka, who spoke of acquiring Jewish wealth as the goal, and with racial philosophies assuming secondary importance in the conduct of the Holocaust. (p. xi, 171). Levin presents impressive evidence of the progressive German exploitation of the 450,000 ghettoized Warsaw Jews in German-occupied Poland. So poor did the Jews become that they could not care for each other, and 100,000 of them died from starvation, exposure, and disease (between the September 1939 War and the first shipments of Jews to Treblinka)(July 1942).(p. 4). This was too slow for the Germans (p. 27), so they switched to systematic mass murder. The haul of Jewish wealth from the 870,000 Treblinka victims alone was staggering: 1,200 to 1,350 railway cars. (p. 180). (For more on the German economic motives behind the Holocaust, see the Peczkis review of Architects of Annihilation: Auschwitz and the Logic of Destruction).

The author briefly mentions the comparable Nazi actions against Poles. He comments: "As a direct result of this policy, non-Jewish Poles were allocated food rations that barely sustained them, as most output was sent westward to Germany...the average Pole lived on a mere 600 calories per day..." (pp. 10-11).

In the first parts of this work, the author relies primarily on Warsaw Ghetto Jewish chroniclers. Oddly enough, Levin (p. 270) considers Ringelblum as being a pro-Polish historian for making some statements with which whom Levin disagrees.

Jan T. Gross, in his FEAR and GOLDEN HARVEST, would have the readers conclude that theft of Jewish property is some kind of particular Polish vice. Levin also elaborates on Poles stealing from Jews (pp. 84-90), often as the result of German enticements (e. g., p. 145), and Polish riffraff (Krolikowski's term) buying confiscated Jewish items from Ukrainian collaborators near Treblinka (p.176). However, he is objective enough to recognize that such conduct was not limited to any nationality. He comments: "Cases of blackmail, or taking advantage of the deportation for individual personal gain, serve to illustrate how corrupt their perpetrators had become--Germans, Poles, and Jews alike." (p. 148).

Levin adds: "Jews taking advantage of other people's terrible circumstances for their own personal gain is a particularly painful chapter in the history of the Holocaust and the Warsaw Ghetto. In some instances, they were simply blackmailers and cheats; in other cases, informers and collaborators." (p. 90). The author devotes several pages to this conduct. (pp. 90-99). Jewish informers, some of whom had been coerced while others who had acted freely, repeatedly told the Germans where Jewish wealth was concealed. Many corrupt Jews took bribes and ransom, and engaged in extortion. "The Thirteen", a Jewish Gestapo, headed by Abraham Gancwajch, was particularly odious in this regard. (pp. 94-99).

Pole-on-Jew grave robbery has gotten a lot of one-sided media attention owing to Jan T. Gross and his ZLOTE ZNIWA (GOLDEN HARVEST). Jews also exploited the Jewish dead. Levin cites Ringelblum, who wrote: "`Undertakers open graves, take out the jewels and gold teeth...Unspeakably base acts are happening at the cemetery. Mass graves [and] defilement of the dead by the lower orders, who throw them into the graves like dogs...they open graves at night, pull out gold teeth and steal the shrouds.'" (p. 98). Rachel Auerbach, also cited by Levin, compared Jewish looting of the dead with its poverty-driven Polish counterpart. She said: "`It turns out that a large percentage of items available today for trade come from looting dead bodies. Specialized companies, who make a living from this, strip the clothes from dead bodies lying in the street...We hear examples of brutality and indifference to death that beforehand could only be found among the village peasants--and then only because of their cruel and difficult living circumstances.'" (p. 98).

While there were post-WWII Poles who resented Jews coming back alive, other Poles welcomed them. (pp. 194-195). No one knows how many Polish Jews survived the Holocaust, because so many Jews kept their Jewishness secret. Interestingly, Levin (p. 229) cites an estimate, based on confessions to priests, that there may be about 50,000 Jews who, as children, had been raised by Poles. (p. 229).

The author provides a history of postwar Jewish property-restitution claims against Poland (especially since 1989). To begin with, how much did the Jews once own? There were 6,000 Jewish communal properties throughout Poland (p. 221), while estimates of the value of private properties in Warsaw alone are unverifiable, and range from a few billion to 40 billion. (p. 248). There are numerous other practical problems regarding this issue. Levin adds: "From an economic and legal standpoint, the principle of returning nationalized property is complicated. Under the Communist system, everything belonged to the state." (p. 225). The author does not mention the Holocaust Industry, but does ask which Jewish individuals or groups presume to speak for the Jewish dead.

The author alludes to the danger of creating new grievances during the attempt to rectify old ones: "Is it possible to evict someone today who innocently believes he or she owns a given property, in favor of the heir of someone who owned the property sixty years ago?" (p. 225). "Should representatives of the Jewish people...approach handicapped [Polish] children and demand that they vacate a formerly Jewish hospital?" (p. 224).

Levin considers statute of limitation laws as unfair (because few Jews were in position to make claims during the relevant time period), but does not answer for whom such laws should be waived (Jews only, or also non-Jews?), or to how far back they should be waived (75 years, or 750 years?). Furthermore, recounting the almost total destruction of Warsaw during WWII, how does one deal with properties that no longer exist, and which have new buildings in their place? Finally, Levin realizes that Poland could not afford to pay major property claims against her. (p. 4).

8 marzec 2011

przysłał ICP 





Dzień jak co dzień, ale inaczej
marzec 3, 2008
Marek Olżyński
Korporacyjna globalizacja
styczeń 2, 2006
Kierowcy będą płacić za wjazd do Krakowa?
padziernik 19, 2004
Sesja na 750-lecie
czerwiec 6, 2007
Media -IV władza ta kryształowa
grudzień 11, 2006
Komuniści chronieni przez Żydów?
wrzesień 13, 2008
Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Wyjść z pułapki zadłużeniowej
luty 21, 2003
Dariusz Zalega
Scenariusze i reżyseria, po polsku
listopad 11, 2007
Marek Olżyński
Poland "Publically Attacked and Humiliated"
styczeń 16, 2008
Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Nowe elity
kwiecień 16, 2008
przeslała Elżbieta Gawlas
Amerykanie strzelili sobie w stopę
grudzień 20, 2007
Mirosław Naleziński, Gdynia
Tymiński: Bojkot Wyborczy
wrzesień 28, 2007
Stan Tymiński
lipiec 22, 2003
Rosja zbroi się
sierpień 11, 2007
Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Projekt społeczny Polska 2005
grudzień 8, 2002
Rosjanie boją się Polski
maj 26, 2007
Tumaczył: Roman Łukasiak
Medialny lincz przed osądzeniem?
styczeń 6, 2007
Mirosław Naleziński, Gdynia
Rząd Izraela popiera ograniczenia w sprzedaży ziemi
lipiec 8, 2002
"Raz sierpem raz młotem czerwoną hołotę"
czyli likwidacja senatu

kwiecień 4, 2003
Adam Zieliński
Epilog "procesu dostosowawczego"
wrzesień 30, 2003
Artur Łoboda


Fundacja Promocji Kultury
Copyright © 2002 - 2012 Polskie Niezależne Media