ZAPRASZA.net POLSKA ZAPRASZA KRAKÓW ZAPRASZA TV ZAPRASZA ART ZAPRASZA
Dodaj artykuł  

KIM JESTEŚMY ARTYKUŁY CIEKAWE LINKI 2002-2009 NASZ PATRONAT KRONIKA KRAKOWA DZIŚ W POLSCE

Inne artykuły

Nowe kryteria lichwy 
13 listopad 2012      Artur Łoboda
Opium dla mas zwietrzało 
2 padziernik 2011      Artur Łoboda
Nasze narodowe sztandary 
3 lipiec 2013      Artur Łoboda
On Buchanan’s book “The Unnecessary War”  
14 maj 2012      Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Oferta pracy 
24 marzec 2010      Goska
Źródła dwudziestowiecznej Kultury polskiej - 1. Druga Rzeczpospolita.  
27 maj 2015      Artur Łoboda
Nowa książka prof. Andrzeja Nowaka - HISTORIA i POLITYKA 
27 kwiecień 2016      Marcin Dybowski
Bezwarunkowy dochód gwarantowany 
20 czerwiec 2016      www.independenttrader.pl
Najgorsi prezydenci od 1989 r. 
2 lipiec 2017      real
Debata polityczna w PO 
8 marzec 2012     
Powiem Ci tylko to Kazimierzu, odszedłeś niespełniony... 
7 grudzień 2014      Zygmunt Jan Prusiński
Wiersze poświęcone Jerzemu Giedroycowi 
10 luty 2010      Zygmunt Jan Prusiński
Kolejna książka najbardziej inwigilowanego oraz prześladowanego przez III RP dziennikarza 
17 maj 2016      Marcin Dybowski
Czym były Światowe Dni Młodzieży 2016? 
1 sierpień 2016      Artur Łoboda
"Chcemy prawdy o Wołyniu" - pikieta pod siedzibą PiS  
14 lipiec 2016     
***(jechała) 
7 lipiec 2017      Jolanta Michna
Selekcja na "rampie" życia 
14 maj 2015      Artur Łoboda
Trzy przypowieści 
20 luty 2018     
Ptak Poezji... 
26 wrzesień 2010      Zygmunt Jan Prusiński
Pogrobowcy stalinowskich zbrodniarzy dalej decydują o tym - co jest w Polsce prawem 
24 luty 2010      PAP

 
 

The Plunder of Warsaw Jewry During World War II and its Aftermath, by Itamar Levin


Review of Walls Around: The Plunder of Warsaw Jewry During World War II and its Aftermath, by Itamar Levin. 2004. Praeger Publishers. Westport, Connecticut, and London.
Reviewer: Mr. Jan Peczkis



Whose Golden Harvest? Exploitation and Plunder of the Living and Dead Conducted by Non-Jews and Jews Alike. Property Restitution
Holocaust-uniqueness proponents have argued that, whereas the genocides of non-Jews all had rational economic motives (notably the acquisition of the properties of the victims), that of Jews was completely irrational. Levin challenges this. He cites Franz Stangl, the Kommandant of Treblinka, who spoke of acquiring Jewish wealth as the goal, and with racial philosophies assuming secondary importance in the conduct of the Holocaust. (p. xi, 171). Levin presents impressive evidence of the progressive German exploitation of the 450,000 ghettoized Warsaw Jews in German-occupied Poland. So poor did the Jews become that they could not care for each other, and 100,000 of them died from starvation, exposure, and disease (between the September 1939 War and the first shipments of Jews to Treblinka)(July 1942).(p. 4). This was too slow for the Germans (p. 27), so they switched to systematic mass murder. The haul of Jewish wealth from the 870,000 Treblinka victims alone was staggering: 1,200 to 1,350 railway cars. (p. 180). (For more on the German economic motives behind the Holocaust, see the Peczkis review of Architects of Annihilation: Auschwitz and the Logic of Destruction).

The author briefly mentions the comparable Nazi actions against Poles. He comments: "As a direct result of this policy, non-Jewish Poles were allocated food rations that barely sustained them, as most output was sent westward to Germany...the average Pole lived on a mere 600 calories per day..." (pp. 10-11).

In the first parts of this work, the author relies primarily on Warsaw Ghetto Jewish chroniclers. Oddly enough, Levin (p. 270) considers Ringelblum as being a pro-Polish historian for making some statements with which whom Levin disagrees.

Jan T. Gross, in his FEAR and GOLDEN HARVEST, would have the readers conclude that theft of Jewish property is some kind of particular Polish vice. Levin also elaborates on Poles stealing from Jews (pp. 84-90), often as the result of German enticements (e. g., p. 145), and Polish riffraff (Krolikowski's term) buying confiscated Jewish items from Ukrainian collaborators near Treblinka (p.176). However, he is objective enough to recognize that such conduct was not limited to any nationality. He comments: "Cases of blackmail, or taking advantage of the deportation for individual personal gain, serve to illustrate how corrupt their perpetrators had become--Germans, Poles, and Jews alike." (p. 148).

Levin adds: "Jews taking advantage of other people's terrible circumstances for their own personal gain is a particularly painful chapter in the history of the Holocaust and the Warsaw Ghetto. In some instances, they were simply blackmailers and cheats; in other cases, informers and collaborators." (p. 90). The author devotes several pages to this conduct. (pp. 90-99). Jewish informers, some of whom had been coerced while others who had acted freely, repeatedly told the Germans where Jewish wealth was concealed. Many corrupt Jews took bribes and ransom, and engaged in extortion. "The Thirteen", a Jewish Gestapo, headed by Abraham Gancwajch, was particularly odious in this regard. (pp. 94-99).

Pole-on-Jew grave robbery has gotten a lot of one-sided media attention owing to Jan T. Gross and his ZLOTE ZNIWA (GOLDEN HARVEST). Jews also exploited the Jewish dead. Levin cites Ringelblum, who wrote: "`Undertakers open graves, take out the jewels and gold teeth...Unspeakably base acts are happening at the cemetery. Mass graves [and] defilement of the dead by the lower orders, who throw them into the graves like dogs...they open graves at night, pull out gold teeth and steal the shrouds.'" (p. 98). Rachel Auerbach, also cited by Levin, compared Jewish looting of the dead with its poverty-driven Polish counterpart. She said: "`It turns out that a large percentage of items available today for trade come from looting dead bodies. Specialized companies, who make a living from this, strip the clothes from dead bodies lying in the street...We hear examples of brutality and indifference to death that beforehand could only be found among the village peasants--and then only because of their cruel and difficult living circumstances.'" (p. 98).

While there were post-WWII Poles who resented Jews coming back alive, other Poles welcomed them. (pp. 194-195). No one knows how many Polish Jews survived the Holocaust, because so many Jews kept their Jewishness secret. Interestingly, Levin (p. 229) cites an estimate, based on confessions to priests, that there may be about 50,000 Jews who, as children, had been raised by Poles. (p. 229).

The author provides a history of postwar Jewish property-restitution claims against Poland (especially since 1989). To begin with, how much did the Jews once own? There were 6,000 Jewish communal properties throughout Poland (p. 221), while estimates of the value of private properties in Warsaw alone are unverifiable, and range from a few billion to 40 billion. (p. 248). There are numerous other practical problems regarding this issue. Levin adds: "From an economic and legal standpoint, the principle of returning nationalized property is complicated. Under the Communist system, everything belonged to the state." (p. 225). The author does not mention the Holocaust Industry, but does ask which Jewish individuals or groups presume to speak for the Jewish dead.

The author alludes to the danger of creating new grievances during the attempt to rectify old ones: "Is it possible to evict someone today who innocently believes he or she owns a given property, in favor of the heir of someone who owned the property sixty years ago?" (p. 225). "Should representatives of the Jewish people...approach handicapped [Polish] children and demand that they vacate a formerly Jewish hospital?" (p. 224).

Levin considers statute of limitation laws as unfair (because few Jews were in position to make claims during the relevant time period), but does not answer for whom such laws should be waived (Jews only, or also non-Jews?), or to how far back they should be waived (75 years, or 750 years?). Furthermore, recounting the almost total destruction of Warsaw during WWII, how does one deal with properties that no longer exist, and which have new buildings in their place? Finally, Levin realizes that Poland could not afford to pay major property claims against her. (p. 4).

8 marzec 2011

przysłał ICP 

  

Komentarze

  

Archiwum

"Mistrz ceremonii" - David Rockefeller (Tajna władza Świata)
listopad 19, 2005
KWM - www.naszdziennik.pl
"Przestańmy myśleć tylko o sobie"
grudzień 18, 2002
Tygodnik "Forum" / L'Express - 2002.11.7
Francja traci prestiż
wrzesień 21, 2007
Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Bush Chce Zmian w Iranie
luty 17, 2006
Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Kraków w Madrycie
styczeń 27, 2004
www.krakow.pl
KODEKS PRAWDZIWEGO KIEROWCY
listopad 22, 2002
ia
Kolaboracja
sierpień 5, 2003
prof. Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Stop wariatom prasowym!
czerwiec 23, 2006
Wojciech Romerowicz
Rząd poręczył, my oddamy
lipiec 4, 2002
PAP
Izraelskie czołgi wróciły do Strefy Gazy
sierpień 8, 2002
PAP
Hołota porównuje siebie tylko do hołoty
padziernik 30, 2003
Korporacyjna maszyna wojenna w akcji
sierpień 17, 2006
Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Maja Komorowska: Papież nakreślił nowe perspektywy nadziei
sierpień 20, 2002
PAP
Kozioł ofiarny
marzec 6, 2005
2+2=
luty 13, 2003
Artur Łoboda
Bandytów zwalniają, policjantów oskarżają
padziernik 5, 2005
PAP
"M.Jurek prezydentem RP"?
kwiecień 25, 2007
Dariusz Kosiur
Kandydatura Henryka Szlajfera na Ambasadora Polski w USA?
maj 3, 2005
Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Steinbach: unieważnić dekrety przed wstąpieniem do UE
sierpień 31, 2002
PAP
Pomroczność pomarańczowa
styczeń 16, 2005
 


Kontakt

Fundacja Promocji Kultury
Copyright © 2002 - 2012 Polskie Niezależne Media