ZAPRASZA.net POLSKA ZAPRASZA KRAKÓW ZAPRASZA TV ZAPRASZA ART ZAPRASZA
Dodaj artykuł  

KIM JESTEŚMY ARTYKUŁY CIEKAWE LINKI 2002-2009 NASZ PATRONAT KRONIKA KRAKOWA DZIŚ W POLSCE

Inne artykuły

Kto odpowiada za skutki powodzi? 
20 maj 2010      Artur Łoboda
Gdzie jest zabytkowy ołtarz z kościoła w Ustce ? Część V 
27 luty 2010      Zygmunt Jan Prusiński
Prawna interpretacja nagrywania polityków dokonujących przestępstw 
19 czerwiec 2014      Artur Łoboda
Polityczna i karna odpowiedzialność za SKOK Wołomin 
28 marzec 2015      Artur Łoboda
Chrystus Pan zmartwychwstał-anonim, kancjonał staniątecki, 1586  
25 marzec 2016     
Czy istnieją niezależne media? 
16 maj 2012      Artur Łoboda
Cejrowski nie będzie już gościem Rachonia w TVP Info  
29 listopad 2018      Alina
The Crime of The Partitioning of Poland Eventually Led to Both World Wars 
25 wrzesień 2011      Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Spadek Cen Paliwa 
25 maj 2012      Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Opozycja reglamentowaną z lat PRL 
24 czerwiec 2017      Artur Łoboda
Naiwne marzenie przeciętnego Amerykanina 
10 listopad 2016     
Wiesław Sokołowski ODEZWA DO PIECA KAFLOWEGO  
31 styczeń 2012      www.trwanie.com
O logice myślenia i pewnym fałszywcu 
20 sierpień 2016      Artur Łoboda
Moja taktyka 
13 wrzesień 2012      Artur Łoboda
Powrót komunistycznej retoryki 
22 lipiec 2009      onet.pl
Wymiar sprawiedliwości Trzeciej Rzeszy, czy też Trzeciej RP? 
30 grudzień 2017     
Kiedy prostak zostaje ministrem 
17 maj 2016      Artur Łoboda
W czyim interesie Kościół mąci? 
3 kwiecień 2016      Artur Łoboda
"Nowocześni" są jednak prymitywni, ale Prokuratura jeszcze bardziej 
19 luty 2016      Artur Łoboda
Pomylenie terminu w antypolskiej polityce 
20 kwiecień 2015      Artur Łoboda

 
 

Letter to the editor on the colonial rule of Prussia and Austria in Polish lands

In order to answer O. Mueller’s concerns about the “Historical Facts” in his letter to the editor of Culture Wars of November 2010, I would like to present facts about the Berlin’s efforts to eradicate Polish language and culture and Vienna’s exploitation of Polish provinces annexed by Austria.

The Cultural and Economic Oppression of the Poles by Prussia
The year1815 saw renewed efforts by the Berlin government to eradicate Polish language and culture in Silesia. As a result 40 Polish villages went on strike in 1817 near Ostróda and Nidzica in Mazuria, East Prussia. Germans arrested the strikers.
In 1817-1823 clandestine Polish students' organizations in Wrocaw (Breslau) proclaimed that Polish national territory covers all areas where Polish is the main language. There were 416 Polish grade schools in the Grand Duchy of Pozna in 1819. Józef Lompa (1797-1862) published the History of Silesia in 1821reminding the readers that Silesia is and always was Polish.
1823 saw the beginning of agrarian reform in the Grand Duchy of Pozna. Year later King Frederick Wilhelm III von Hohenzollern proclaimed the Constitution of the Grand Duchy of Pozna: the executive branch was to be headed by the King; the actual administration was to be conducted by provincial president; the unicameral Seym was to be ruled by a two-thirds majority; elective rights were given to Christian males only; appointed judges were to enforce the laws decreed by the King; the right to demand protection of person and property was granted.
In 1824 an Act of Incorporation of Gdask, Pomerania into a Prussian province with its capital in Koenigsberg (Królewiec) was issued; the rest of Pomerania was formed into a province with its capital in Stettin (Szczecin). The purpose of the new provincial boundaries was to enforce the Germanization program of the Berlin government.
The Berlin government ordered a massive expropriation of Polish landholders, and the increase of the Germanization pressure on the 416 Polish elementary schools in the Grand Duchy of Pozna. From 1824-1826 230 Polish landed estates were taken over by new German owners in Pozna area. Protest marches were organized against the imposition of German language in church services in Silesia. The arrests of protesters followed.
In 1827 the Polish Seym of the Grand Duchy of Pozna successfully petitioned the government in Berlin to extend political rights and obligations to the Jews; this created favorable conditions for upper class Jews and led to their eventual assimilation in Germany, after the eviction of Jewish proletariat to the Polish Kingdom under Russia; the successful assimilation of the wealthy Jews who remained in Germany was facilitated by their subculture based on Yiddish, a Germanic language. Jews were among the patriotic supporters of the policies of Berlin government and made an important contribution to the German culture; thus in politics they often supported anti-Polish policies of the Berlin government. In 1827 the Seym of Pozna protested the political discrimination against the Poles.

The Most Exploited Provinces of the Austrian Empire
During 1772-1867 Polish provinces annexed by Austria became the most exploited and most cruelly treated parts of the Austrian Empire. Austrian officials organized peasant mutinies against Polish landowners and fomented mutual hatred between Ukrainians, Poles, and Jews. Mass starvation periodically reached catastrophic proportions claiming up to 50,000 dead during the worst years.
Southern or Lesser Poland was renamed by the Austrians in 1772 as Galicia and Lodomeria -- names of Ruthenian-Ukrainian provinces at the eastern end of the lands annexed by Austria. This was consistent with Austrian policy to eradicate everything Polish and to extend Ukrainian ethnic claims all the way to Kraków. A strict censorship was imposed. A huge Austrian imperial bureaucracy staffed with Germans pestered the population with complicated and intricate bureaucratic formalities.
In 1817 the Austrians revived the provincial Seym of Estates in Lwów, which functioned in 1782-1788 and would function again in 1817-1845. The Emperor Frances I of Austria ruled by decree. He appointed to the Seym of Estates wealthy landowners with aristocratic Austrian titles, two deputies from the city of Lwów, and the Chancellor of the University of Lwów. The Seym was not a representative body, it was entitled to petitions only.

pogonowski.com
12 grudzień 2010

Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski 

  

Komentarze

  

Archiwum

Giertych: czy ktoś w MSZ zna angielski?
sierpień 26, 2002
PAP
Geneza Kaczyzmu w Fundacji Windsor/Heritage oraz American Enterprise Instutute
styczeń 3, 2006
przysłał Marek Głogoczowski
Lustrzane swastyki z Discovery
padziernik 24, 2006
Mirosław Naleziński, Gdynia
Fałszywy obraz Hitlera w książce „Niepotrzebna Wojna”
lipiec 25, 2008
Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Zabawki - trzaskawki
lipiec 10, 2006
Renata Rudecka-Kalinowska
LPR: w Unii Polska więcej straci niż zyska
grudzień 13, 2002
PAP
Ile w rzeczywistości wydajemy na ochronę zdrowia?
maj 16, 2006
Adam Sandauer
Kara wczesniejszej smierci
grudzień 8, 2005
przesłała Elzbieta
Cechy charakterystyczne klasycznego slowianskiego goja
czerwiec 27, 2007
kruzoe2
Jakiego sięgnęliśmy dna
sierpień 28, 2004
Likwidacja publicznej służby zdrowia
padziernik 23, 2008
PAP
Imam Chazbijewicz: wizyta papieża wzmocniła państwo polskie
sierpień 19, 2002
PAP
Politycy już znają wyniki referendum
Znali je od dawna

czerwiec 9, 2003
Jak w filmie
maj 9, 2003
Andrzej Kumor
"Demokracja Suwerenna" w Rosji, Wobec USA, Izraela i NATO
lipiec 21, 2006
Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
THE ROLE OF ZIONISM IN THE HOLOCAUST
wrzesień 10, 2006
przysłał Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Masoni
lipiec 23, 2008
Artur Łoboda
Ameryka pod rządami fundamentalistów protestanckich?
listopad 11, 2006
Iwo Cyprian Pogonowski
Każdego dnia...
wrzesień 3, 2002
Artur Łoboda
Przemoc w mediach
sierpień 19, 2003
 


Kontakt

Fundacja Promocji Kultury
Copyright © 2002 - 2012 Polskie Niezależne Media