Patrick J. Buchanan writes falsely in his book: “Churchill, Hitler, and the Unnecesary War” (Crown Publishers, 2008, ISBN 978-0-307-40515-9) that there were two main causes of the decline of the West, namely the declaration of war on Germany in 1914 and British guarantees to Poland in March 1939, which according to Buchanan, gave an opportunity to the “reckless” Poles to start the Second World War.
The truth is, that facing German mobilization, which started on July 31, 1914, Russia also mobilized. Then on August 1, 1914, the already fully mobilized Germany, declared war on Russia, by means of an ultimatum, which stated that if Russia does not demobilize within 12 hours, Germany will (and actually did) attack Russia. Thereby Germany started the actual fighting of the First World War. Next day on August 2, 1914, German ultimatum to Belgium demanded free passage in order to attack France the Germans hoped to defeat as quickly, as they did in 1871.
Defeat of Russia by Germany and German colonization of Russia, similar to British colonization of India, was to take longer time, according to Aleksander Guczkow, defense minister in Kerensky’s government. According to Guchkov Germans wanted to treat Russia like the British treated India, so that they could build the “German Empire from the Rhine River to Vladivostok” in competition for world domination against the British Empire. The Germans wanted to end British control of the seas. German victory was to promote Germany from number three colonial power to number one.
Loosing on the western front, Germans had to give up temporarily the building of the “German Empire from the Rhine River to Vladivostok” and move their troops from the Russian front to the western front in France. In order to do so, German government recruited Lenin, a revolutionary refugee in Switzerland, in order get him to start a revolution in Russia, so that the German army could have more soldiers for combat in France.
Six million dollars in gold was brought from Germany by Lenin, and twenty million dollars in gold from New York was brought on board of the ship Christiana Fiord by Leon Trotsky (Lev Davidovich Bronstein) for the financing of the Bolshevik takeover of the government in St Petersburg. It happened simply by hiring, for that purpose, local organized criminal gangs. The unwanted Bolshevik government had to use terror in order to stay in power. True to Lenin’s mission, the Bolshevik government surrendered to Germany at Brest Litovsk on February 9, 1918 and agreed to make Russia a vassal of Germany as the first step towards building of the “German Empire from the Rhine River to Vladivostok.”
Social revolutionary party considered Lenin a traitor, and on August 30, 1918 he was shot by Dora Kaplan and had one of his lungs punctured. On July 6, 1918 German Ambassador, count von Mirbach, was killed in Moscow. Some 200 social revolutionaries were executed as a reprisal. On July 30, 1918 Field Marshal von Eichhorn, German commander in the Ukraine and his aid capt. von Dressler were killed by a bomb thrown in the streets of Kiev by social revolutionary Boris Danskin. On August 31 British embassy was sacked by Bolsheviks in Petrograd and British attaché, capt. Gromie, was killed. Russia was not about to be colonized by Germany.
German capitulation on the Western Front on November 11, 1918, postponed the grandiose German plans to colonize Russia till 1939 and Hitler’s “best case scenario” starting with the annexation of the Ukraine. Before shooting started Hitler told the representative of the League of Nations, Jacob Burkhardt, in August of 1939, that if the West is too stupid to understand that Hitler’s purpose is to destroy Soviet Russia, then Hitler would join Russia in order to defeat the West, and after his victory over the West, he would destroy the Soviet Union.
I remember while being incarcerated for five years as a political prisoner in Sachsenhausen concentration camp near Berlin that I have heard a conversation between of two officers of the Waffen SS, who, by the end of 1942, still believed that after winning the Second World War, Germany will have to attack Japan, in order to establish mighty German marine base in Vladivostock, to dominate the Pacific Ocean. According to Goebbel’s diary Hitler believed the British Empire “must be preserved if at all possible. For if it collapses, then we [Germans] shall not inherit it.”
According to Buchanan Hitler believed that “the British were a superior race and a fit partner for Germany,” while “Churchill was “his worst enemy, the tool of English Jews who had scorched an Anglo-German alliance.” During the 1940 invasion of France, when British forces were in panic fleeing towards Dunkirk to evacuate, Hitler personally ordered a halt to two SS divisions, which were about to annihilate the retreating British.
Earlier on August 22, 1939 Hitler ordered his generals to use utmost ferocity against all ethnic Poles. Many times Poland was a victim of the international law of the jungle. Geneva conventions tried unsuccessfully, to oppose the exercise of international law of the jungle, practiced by stronger countries on the weaker states. Poland’s predicament in 1939 illustrates the use of the law of the jungle by her neighbors Germany and the Soviet Union, both of whom were ready to commit mass murders, with the purpose of beheading Polish nation by murdering its intellectual elite. The Poles realized that German victory in 1939 over the USSR would result in the annexation of the Ukraine by Germany and liquidation of the Polish state in its historic lands, what to Buchanan apparently represents no more than “collateral damage.” On the other hand in case of its victory, the Soviet “evil empire,” would convert Poland into a satellite state, on the historic Polish lands, leaving a future possibility of freedom of Poland. For this reason the Poles chose not to help Hitler to destroy the USSR in 1939.
Needless to say the Russians do not admit that Poland’s refusal to fight on Hitler’s side, saved the USSR from defeat in a two front war starting in 1939. General of the NKVD Pavel Sudoplatov described the fear of defeat in Moscow of the two front war in his book “Special Tasks.” Thus, as I said before, Patrick J. Buchanan falsifies history in his book: “Churchill, Hitler, and the Unnecesary War” (Crown Publishers, 2008, ISBN 978-0-307-40515-9) saying that British guarantees to Poland in March 1939 permitted the Poles to drag Britain, France and the USA into the “Unnecessary War,” very damaging to the West.
Let us review what really did happen. Poland’s critical negotiations with Hitler took place during the period from August 5, 1935 to January 26, 1939. Hitler tried to force Poland to join the Anti-Comintern Pact, as described by Józef Lipski, the Ambassador of Poland in Berlin, in his book entitled “Diplomat in Berlin 1933-1939.” During that period Poles understood Hitler’s “best case scenario,” which was to annex the Ukraine after victory over the Soviet Union by joined forces of the Anti-Comintern Pact. The Pact was to have some 600 divisions or more than twice the number of Soviet divisions, which were weakened, by the Stalinist purges, in which some 44,000 Soviet officers were killed. The 600 divisions planned by Hitler were to be composed of 220 German divisions, 200 Japanese and 80 divisions from several members of the Pact as well as 100 Polish divisions, after mobilization of some seven and half million Polish soldiers.
Japanese forces attacked the Soviets starting in 1937 and fought some of the largest air battles in the world history up to that time. In the Soviet-Japanese battle of August 20-25, 1939, on the Khalka River at Khalkhim-Gol, near the trans-Siberian railroad, some 20,000 Japanese soldiers and 10,000 Soviets were killed. The Japanese losses included some 50,000 wounded in the battle, which is described by historians as the first to use the blitzkrieg tactics. Little known in the West the battle of Khlkhim-Gol was one of the decisive battles of WWII, recently described by Steward D. Goldman in “Nomonhan 1939: The Red Army’s Victory That Shaped World War II.”
German betrayal of Japan took place, when the Japanese expected German help against the USSR. On August 22, 1939, Germany was instead signing an anti-Polish pact with the Soviets, thereby betraying the Anti-Comintern Pact, signed by Hitler with Japan on November 6, 1936. Japan lodged an official protests in Berlin. Germany’s murderous invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939 was to be a part of the final stage of the German push on to the “Slavic East” - push, which started thousand years ago. Nearly 200 years before Hitler attacked Poland, during the second half of the 19th century, Otto von Bismarck, Germany’s “Iron Chancellor,” began advancing his concept of exterminating the Poles. In the second half of the 19th century, Bismarck revived memories of the German genocide of the Balto-Slavic Prussians in the 13th century. As early as 1856, Prussian Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (1815 – 1898), Berlin’s ambassador to the all-German Parliament in Frankfurt, wrote that the Polish minority must be exterminated. Bismarck’s anti-Catholic and anti-Polish policies were the basis for his “Kultur Kampf” program. Such ideas were a prelude to the genocides and mass murders of the 20th century – the century in which more people were killed than ever before. Chancellor Bismarck repeatedly likened the Poles to wolves which should be “shot to death whenever possible.” In 1861 he declared, “Hit the Poles till they despair of their very lives…if we are to survive, our only course is to exterminate them.” (Werner Richter, ‘Bismark’ New York: Putnam Press, 1964, page 101). Prussian hatred of everything Polish is well documented especially since the time when the Hohenzollerns, the ancestors of German emperors, starting in 1525 and for more than a century, had to kneel while paying their taxes and tribute to the king of Poland. Later they paid similar tribute to the king of Sweden. The Kingdom of Prussia was created in 1701 with its capital in Berlin. This happened with financial help of the Jews, thanks to the regular transfer of capital from Poland to Berlin by Jewish bankers, frightened by the Chmielnicki’s uprising and mass killings of Jews in the Ukraine, at the end of the “Golden Decade” of Jewish exploitation of the Ukrainian peasants in 1648. The cradle of modern German militarism was shaped. The name of “Prussia” symbolized the continuity of German militaristic tradition. It recalled the 13th century conquest and genocide of the Balto-Slavic Prussians by the armed monks of the Teutonic Order. However, the Kingdom of Prussia faced destruction during the Seven Years War. Berlin was occupied and burned by the Russian army in 1760. Russia decided to destroy the new Kingdom of Prussia in order to prevent it from acquiring the means to unify the 350 independent German principalities into a united Germany, with its new capital in Berlin. In exchange for Prussia and Silesia, Poland was to give Podolia to Russia. However, Polish citizens living in Podolia refused to agree to become subjects of the tsar. Poland’s refusal to exchange of provinces with the Russians saved the Kingdom of Prussia from destruction and permitted the Hohenzollerns of Berlin to return to their schemes for partitioning Poland, after a new and weak-minded Tsar Peter III (1728-1762) became very accommodating to Prussia. The situation became even more favorable to Berlin, after Peter III was assassinated with the connivance of his German wife, Catherine II (1729-1796), who usurped the Russian throne by a coup d’etat on July 9, 1762. The marriage of Peter III and Catherine is known as a „miracle” that saved Prussia. Berlin was then able to provoke a series of Polish-Russian wars. Each war gave Berlin a chance to rob Polish land by annexation. Cultural and economic oppression by Prussia of the annexed Polish lands followed until the times of Bismarck, who formed his plans for exterminating the Poles. Berliners had a strong anti-Polish tradition, which helped inspire Hitler’s genocidal crimes against the citizens of Poland.
On April 24, 1939, when Hitler terminated his non-aggression pact with Poland, he was furious that Poland rejected his “offer of friendship and alliance.” As I said, Hitler made such an offer for the first time as early as August 5, 1935 when he declared that good Polish-German relations were of primary importance to him. He wanted a military alliance with Poland and Japan against the Soviet Union to which he had no land access. Poland’s territory constituted a physical barrier between Germany and the Soviets. Earlier Hitler was an Austrian admirer of the Polish victory over Lenin’s Bolshevik invasion and war of 1919 and 1920, when the Soviet commander Mikhail Tukhachevsky wrote an order on July 4, 1920: „To the west over the corpse of White Poland, on the road to the worldwide conflagration.” Thus Poland’s victory over the Red Army saved Europe from communist revolution at that time. Twenty years later Hitler wanted an alliance with Poland and Japan in his obsession to attack the Soviet Union and follow the teachings of his mentors such as major general Karl Haushoffer, in order to realize the dream of the “German Empire from the Rhine River to Vladivostok” and German domination of the world. However at that time ”Soviet forces outnumbered those of Germany: 20,000 tanks to 3,500 and 10,000 aircraft to the Luftwaffe’s 3,400” [Hammond Atlas of the 29th Century, edited by Richard Overy, Times Books, Harper Collins, 1999].
Apparently Hitler’s “best case scenario” was to attack the Soviets with some 600 divisions without having to fight on the western front. When Poland refused, Hitler put in practice Bismarck’s wishes and committed mass murder in Poland as a vengeance and already in February 1940, Hitler published detailed plans for the destruction of Warsaw as prepared on his orders by an architect Zigfried Pabst. Warsaw was systematically destroyed by the Germans in 1944 when the Soviets stopped the front to let the Germans eliminate as many Polish patriots as possible and in process kill a quarter of a million civilians.
Betrayal of Poland in 1943 took place in Teheran. Year later in Moscow Churchill reaffirmed his acceptance of Soviet border along the Bug River and promised Stalin to “bring pressure to bear” on the Poles to do likewise. On October 13, 1944 Chuchill wrote referring to Stalin: “I like him the more I see him.” Buchanan in his book characterized Poles as arrogant, full of hubris, irrational, treacherous and stupid, while Poland’ foreign minister Józef Beck he chooses to quote“ was detested… for his duplicity, dishonesty, and… depravity.” Buchanan quotes Churchill saying that Poland had “hyena appetite” for Zaolizie in his reference on November 16, 1945 to the origins of “The Unnecessary War.”
Against the backdrop of history Patrick J. Buchanan presents a false story in his book: “Churchill, Hitler, and the Unnecessary War” (Crown Publishers, 2008, ISBN 978-0-307-40515-9) in which he falsely claims that there were two causes of the decline of the West, namely the declaration of war on Germany in 1914 and British guarantees to Poland in March 1939, which according to Buchanan gave an opportunity to the Poles to start The Second World War. Thus, Buchanan in his zeal to criticize the current irresponsibility of issuing security guarantees by the USA to over 50 countries, repeatedly violated the historical truth.